NALC Legal Topic Notes: Data Protection

This page contains Legal Topic Notes which include information on Data Protection.


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The Data Protection Act 1998 came into force on 1 March 2000. The Act gives effect in UK Law to the 1995 EC Data Protection Directive. It strengthens and extends the data protection regime created by the Data Protection Act 1984 which it replaces. It provides the statutory framework for the use of computerised information (including microfiche, audio and visual systems) and also certain manual records about living identifiable individuals in the United Kingdom. The Act does not prohibit disclosures of such information to third parties but it regulates the circumstances in which they can be made. It gives enhanced “subject access rights” and creates a new category of “sensitive information”. It also prohibits the transfer of personal data to countries which do not have an “adequate level of protection”.


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